Translator: Zahra. Kalaa
Deceased Ghazvini writes in the book ‘’ Riyaz Al-Ahzan'’
Imam Hussein did not fall on the earth once or two times, but he lost his control and fell on the earth several times. Then he stood up and fell on the earth once more from right cheek and another time from left cheek. He fell on the earth once more in order to prostrate; each of them has its own position. When Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) fell on the earth from horse due to arrow or lance, he had fallen on the earth in order to prostrate. Then he stood up and took the sword and fought in the path of God as much as he could. In such a situation Zu Al-Jenah walked around Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and supported him. Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) stood against them until he could not continue it any more. As Ibn Shahr Ashub narrates from Abu Mokhnaf in the book ‘’Monagheb'’ and he narrates from Jeludi ‘’ when Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) became emaciated, his horse supported him. His horse held the collar of the horse riders with teeth and had them fall on the earth. The horse of Imam killed forty persons of the tribe of blasphemy. After Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) fell on the earth with body full of the wounds of arrows, lances and swords, the forces of the troop of blasphemy, the son of cursed Sad, came to kill him one by one, in two persons or in three persons, but they came back because each one that saw him felt sorry for him and refused to murder him. It has been narrated from Ismaeil Bokhari in the books ‘’ Riyaz Al-Shahadate'’ and ‘’ Roze Al-Shohada'’ that one person from the troops of Sham and Kufa came to murder Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and had military equipment. When he approached Imam Hussein (peace be upon him), Imam looked at him and said ‘’ you are not my murderer and I do not want you to go to the hell'’.
The man cried and said ‘’ O’ the son of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants)! My beloved prophet! You are worried about me in such a situation. He became furious and rushed on Umar Bin Sad with his sword in his hand and said as he was crying
What is his sin? Someone has sword in his hands to kill him. Why does the troop refuse to give him water? What is problem with dagger that rushes to kill him?
The unbelievers did not answer him; therefore, he rushed the sword on the son of Sad. Cursed Ibn Sad tried to go backward and incited his servants and on foot forces against him. The forces of the troop invaded toward him, circled and killed him with sword, lance and stones. The young man look at Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and said in the last moments of his life ‘’ O’ the son of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) witnesses how they are killing me because of my affection and love toward you. In the doomsday, you should intercede me'’.
Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) said in a shivering voice
‘’ Relax! I will intercede you in the presence of God. After Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) fell on the earth with a lot of wounds and injuries, the troop of cursed Ibn Sad made sure that Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) did not have any energy. Shemr came toward the tents of the women, rushed lance toward them and said ‘’ bring fire in order to burn this tent along with the persons into it'’.
The women started crying as the troop of the son of Sad was influenced and started crying from the voice of the moaning of the women. In such time, Shabth Bin Rabei came and had Shemr come back. The women crawled in the tent and did not say anything from fear. In such a situation, cursed Shemr looked at the troop and said ‘’ why are you waiting? Your mothers should mourn for you. Why have you stood up? It is not clear of whether he had died or not. All of you should invade and kill him. Then the homeless persons invaded Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and circled him. Abu Al-Hanuq threw an arrow on the forehead of Imam Hussein (he had thrown an arrow on his forehead before). Hasin Bin Namir threw an arrow on the mouth of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) (he had already thrown an arrow there). Abu Ayub Ghanavi threw an arrow on the sacred throat of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him).
Deceased Alame Majlesi states in the book ‘’ Bahar'’
‘’Shemr along with Senan Bin Anas came to cut the neck of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and he was in the last moments of his life. His sacred tongue had been wounded since he was so thirsty. In such a situation, he was seeking water . As soon as Shemr approached Imam Hussein (peace be upon him), he kicked Imam Hussein with his feet in boots and said
‘’O’ the son of Torab! You believe that your father is the saghi of the Kuthar Pool and he gives water to whoever he would like. Therefore, wait until you kill me and take water from your father, Imam Ali (peace be upon him)'’.
Then Shemr said to Sanan (May he be cursed by God)'’ cut his head from back of his neck as Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) has fallen on the earth'’.
Senan said ‘’ I will not do that and never accept to kill the son of the prophet. I never want that the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) seizes me by the collar.
Shemr became angry, abused Senan, pressured the wounded chest with the feet in boots and pulled the bloody beard of Imam. Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) stated ‘’ O’ Shemr! O’ tyrant! You are killing me while you do not know who I am'’.
Shemr said ‘’ I know you well. I know your father and mother better than all. Then he abused Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and said
‘’ I will kill you and have no fear in my heart. After he hit him with the sword twelve times, he cut the head of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him). In such a time, the earth shook'’.
There are different news and narrations how Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) was murdered. According to a valid document, whatever has been expressed is:
First: they slaughtered Imam Hussein (peace be upon him);
Second: they cut his neck from the back of his head.
The documents and the sources of the slaughtering of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him):
This meaning from the remarks of Imam Zaman (may God hasten his advent) can be understood and the mentioned remarks are considered as a document. Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) states in one of parts of this written prayer
‘’ O’ the son of Shoayb! If you want to cry for something, cry for Hussein Bin Abi Taleb (peace be upon him) because they killed as the neck of a sheep was cut'’.
Understanding about the cut of the sacred neck of Imam from the back of head:
The different narrations express this meaning such as the narration that deceased Majlesi has narrated in the book ‘’ Bahar'’ And in two sections, the two-world lady, Hazrat Zeinab Khatun ( peace be upon her), has been related to this meaning and states about the narration of Hazrat Fateme
He stated in another place ‘’ after cursed Shemr cut, the sacred head of Seyed Al-Shohada (peace be upon him) and put his foot out of the chest of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him). Immediately, he put the head drowned in blood on the lance and said loudly ‘’ Allah Akbar'’.
When the troop of blasphemy, Umar Sad, saw the sacred head, they said loudly ‘’ God is great'’.
The reason that vicious Shemr put the sacred head on the lance was that the whole troop could see it and heave sigh. Therefore, they said ‘’ God is great'’ together. After the sacred neck of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) was cut, the earth shook, in other words, the atmosphere was full of noise, the sun darkened; the stars appeared and seven drops of blood fell from the sky and an inspirer gave a call from the sky.
It has been narrated from Hazrat Sadeq (peace be upon him) that a man roared in the troop of cursed Umar Sad. They said ‘’ what has happened to you?'’
He said ‘’ I can see the messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) standing with my eyes. He is looking at Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) and at the troop. I am afraid that the torture descends.
The people censured him and said ‘’ he has gone mad'’.
The narrator asked Imam Hussein (peace be upon him) ‘’ who was moaning?'’
He stated ‘’ I address him Gabriel and was moaning for his master and if he wills, he can destroy the entire world in the blink of an eye'’.
Today is the anniversary of the decease of Umme Salame. She was the daughter of Hazife Bin Moghayere Makhzumi and Abu Salame Abdullah Bin Abd Al-sAsad Makhzumi. Umme Salame and her husband were the first persons that became Muslim. When the order of migration to Ethiopia was issued, they were the first migrants that migrated Ethiopia. After they migrated there, they got informed of good behaviors of Ghoreish with the Muslims; therefore, they came back Mecca. When they were coming back, they knew the falsity of the news. Abu Salame and her wife sheltered Abu Taleb and after they tolerated a lot of difficulties, they migrated Medina.
Her husband, Abu Salame, fought with sword along with the messenger of God. He was martyred at the Ohod War. Umme Salame says ‘’ when I got grievous of the decease of Abu Salame, I said ('’ O’ God! this plight is destiny determined by you and my love to my husband prevented me from telling'’ O’ God! have a better husband for me'’. I said to myself ‘’ who is better than Abu Salame? He was such and such a man'’. After the time of eddeh (waiting period during which a woman cannot marry) finished, Abubakr and Umar proposed marriage to Umme Salame, but he refused to marry them. The messenger of God (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) sent Hateb Bin Abi Boltae to propose marriage to Umme Salame. Umme Salame said ‘’ O’ the sent person of the messenger! Welcome. Tell the prophet that I am an old woman and the mother of several orphans and I am a biased woman (I cannot marry another man except my husband)'’. The prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) stated ‘’ tell her ‘’ you said that you were an old woman, but I am older than you and it is not wrong that a woman marries with an older man. You said that you were the mother of several orphans, but there is no problem because I will take care of your orphans. You said that you were vey biased, but I want God to weaken this mood in you'’. After Hazrat Khadije (peace be upon her), Umme Salame is the best wife of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants). Umme Salame tried a lot to attract the satisfaction of the prophet. After the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) deceased, he followed the true path and remained faithful to Ahle Beit. After the prophet deceased, because caliphate deviated from main path and was usurped, Hazrat Zahra (peace be upon her) went to the mosque in order to plead for justice, sermonized there and summoned the Muslims to revolt. Because Abubakr was afraid of the effect of this sermon and guessed that this way would continue, he sermonized and threatened them severely and insulted Hazrat Sedighe (peace be upon her) and her great husband in order to prevent from objections.