موضوع: "the 10 th day"
پرچم های سبز و سیاه این روزها زینت بخش خانه های مان شده است.
فرهنگ سازی در نسل های آینده از همینجا شروع میشود زیرا پرچم یکی از نماد های عرض ارادت به ساحت مقدس ائمه ی اطهار علیهم السلام به شمار میرود. این نوعی اطلاعیه است که بر در و دیوار خانه هایمان نصب میکنیم که اعلام کنیم ما هم هواخواه و مرید ارباب مان ابا عبد الله الحسین علیه السلام هستیم.
سنت سیاه پوشان از ابتدای محرم در خانه های شیعیان اجرا میشود و مادرها با نصب پرچم و پوشیدن لباس مشکی به کودکانشان میآموزند که این واقعه باید تا دنیا دنیاست بین نسل ها دهان به دهان بگردد و همگان تا روز قیامت برای شهید راه خدا و شهید امر به معروف و نهی از منکر عرض ارادت کنند.
After the martyrdom of his father, Imam Hassan’s son Abdullah lived with his holy uncle, Imam Hussein (A.S) and loved him very much. Imam Hussein too had a great affection for his young nephew. “‘Abdullah went to Karbala with his uncle and saw everything that happened there.
He saw his young brothers and cousins putting on their suits of armor and, with the cry of “Allahu akbar’ and their swords whirling, rushing off to the battlefield. He saw them fighting battle with the enemies of religion and of the Qur’an, the disbelievers and hypocrites, and saw them killing them and being killed. He saw them drowned in their holy blood, giving life and strength to Islam with their martyrdom. When their bodies were brought to the special tent for the martyrs, Abdullah would go and weep over their bodies. He wanted to go to the battlefield and fight with the oppressors and defend Islam and its holy leader, lmam Hussein (A.S), but he was very young and they wouldn’t give him permission.
It was the day of ‘Ashura’ and all his friends, brothers and all of Imam Hussein’s valiant troops had been martyred. and ‘Abdullah had witnessed the martyrdom of them all.
Before they rushed off to the battlefield, he had heard everyone of the martyrs conveying their final goodbyes, and promising never to desert their leader and Imam or leave him on his own.
The last of Imam Hussein’s men had bravely given his life. He had been martyred. Now Imam Hussein himself left for the battlefield. Abdullah was standing near the martyrs’ tent, watching his uncle from a distance. An hour later, he couldn’t see his uncle any more. Without thinking he instinctively ran towards the battlefield. His aunt, Zeinab, wanted to stop him, but couldn’t. Abdullah wanted to find his uncle and defend him. Finally, he found him soaked in his own blood. Confused and dumbfounded, he stood staring at the bleeding face of his dear uncle. Imam Hussein opened his eyes and both of them saw each other.
Suddenly a sword was raised to deliver the final blow to Imam Hussein (A.S). Abdullah saw the flash of the sword and raised his head. “Do you want to kill my uncle you filthy traitor! he cried!” And immediately shielded his uncle’s bleeding body with his arm.
The sword fell. It cut off Abdullah’s arm, and the body of that brave and selfless youth fell on the chest of Imam Hussein (A.S). He attained martyrdom then and there giving the message of jihad and freedom to the youth of all times. With his last breaths, Imam Hussein (A.S) said to him, “My dear child, martyrdom is our honor. Your father Imam Hassan and your grandfather, the Holy Prophet, are waiting for you in Paradise, and we are going to them together.”
The Children’s Book On Islam
By: AYATULLAH IBRAHIM AMINI
P. 98 - 100
After the Ashura slaughtering, the Ahl al-Bayt of the Prophet, May Allah bless him and his family, were taken as prisoners to Kufa and thenward to Damascus. They were in a condition the sight of which would cause anyone’s soul to melt. All the Kufis went out to see the captives of their Prophet off. The men and the women wept for them. Imam Zayn al-Abidin, peace be on him, wondered at their attitude and said: “They killed us and are weeping over us!”
The wicked sinner, Shimr bin Dhil-Jawshan, ordered a rope to be put around Imam Zayn al-Abidin neck. The historians said: “Imam Zayn al-Abidin did not say even a word to the rude people who accompanied him, nor did he ask them for a thing throughout the journey, for he knew that they were wicked and ignoble, and that they would not respond to any of his requests.
The caravan of the captives arrived at a place near Damascus and stopped there because the Umayyads wanted to decorate the city to show their rejoicing and the victory which the grandson of Abi Sufyan gained over the grandson of Allah’s Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family.
WhenDamascus was fully decorated, the captives of the Ahl alBait of the Prophet, May Allah bless him and his family, were caused to enter it.
An elderly Syrian, who was misled by the false rumors, came near Imam Zayn al-Abidin, peace be on him, and said to him: “Praise belongs to Allah Who annihilated you and Who granted the governor the upper hand over you.”
Imam looked at the elderly Syrian. He understood that the elderly Syrian misunderstood the truth and was deceived by the false Umayyad mass media, so he asked him: “Have you read the Qur’a`n?”
“Yes,” answered the man.
“Have you read,” continued the Imam, “the verse saying: ‘ Say: I do not ask you for a reward for it except that you treat my kinsfolk with kindness,’ the verse saying: ‘ and give the (Prophet’s) kinsfolk their due rights,’ and the verse saying: ‘and be informed that whatever you earn by way of booty, for Allah belongs the fifth thereof and for the Messenger (of Allah) and for the (Prophet’s) kinsfolk’? “
The elderly Syrian admired Imam and said to him with a faint voice: “Yes, I have read all of them.”
Imam said to him: “We, by Allah, are the kinsfolk referred to in all these verses.” Then Imam asked him: “Have you read these words of Him, the exalted: ‘Allah only desires to take away uncleanness from you, O Ahl alBait (of the Prophet) and purify thoroughly’?”
“Yes,” was the answer.
“We are the Ahl alBait (of the Prophet) whom Allah singled out with the Verse of Purification.”
The elderly Syrian shook all over. He wished that the earth had swallowed him up before saying his words. Then he asked Imam: “I ask you in the Name of Allah, are you really them?”
“By our grandfather, Allah’s Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family, we are, without any doubt,” replied Imam.
It was then that the elderly Syrian fell on Imam Zayn al-Abidin’s hands kissing them. His tears flowed down his cheeks, and he said: “I dissociate myself before Allah from those who killed you!”
The elderly Syrian sought repentance from Imam from whatever rude remarks he had made earlier. So he, peace be on him, forgave him.
We learn from Imam Hussein that there was a more important goal for him to accomplish than completing the rituals of Hajj and risking bloodshed in the Haram. Actually, it would be an erroneous statement to say that the Imam skipped or cancelled his Hajj that year! In fact, Imam Hussein abandoned the ritualistic Hajj to perform the true essence of Hajj, which is embodied in his sacrifice and bloodshed on the plains of Karbala! Quite frankly, many of the ritualistic acts of Hajj symbolize the tragedy of Karbala, most notably the slaughter on xthe day of Eid al-Adha. Even though we celebrate that day out of gratitude that Allah spared the grief of father and son – Prophets Ibrahim and Isma’il (peace be upon them) – from the slaughter ordered by Him, our moment of joy doesn’t last long because it is soon replaced by the Great Slaughter (Dhibh ‘Adheem, as mentioned in 37:104-108 of the Qur’an) which is personified in Hussein ibn Ali. The grief we feel is further intensified as we remember the pain of separation between Imam Hussein and his son Ali Akbar, which was not spared like that of Isma’il and his father. The 10th of Dhil-Hijjah is only a few weeks away from the 10th of Muharram, reminding us of the true sacrifice that was offered in Karbala one month later!
When we think of Lady Hajra’s plight in fetching water for her son Isma’il, we are reminded of Imam Hussein’s pain of watching his youngest son, Ali Asghar, die out of thirst as he tries his best to seek water from the enemy by raising his infant in his arms in the hopes of moving their hearts and quenching his son’s thirst. Unlike Hajra, whose heart was solaced when a spring of water erupted to save her son’s life, Imam Hussein found nothing but a tri-headed arrow to pierce the neck of Ali Asghar! It is narrated that when Lady Hajra saw with her own eyes the marks of the knife on her son’s neck, she fainted from that scene; one can only imagine what overwhelming emotions Lady Fatima experienced when she witnessed her son’s headless body trampled by the hoofs of the horses after dying in a state of extreme thirst!
When we walk the distance between Safa and Marwa, we are reminded that it is the same distance as that between the holy shrine of Hazrat Abbas ibn Ali and his brother, Imam Hussein. This exact match in distance is certainly not a coincidence, and it reminds us of the challenge which Hazrat Abbas underwent as he sought to bring water to the thirsty children who had all their hopes pinned on him.
As the pilgrims rush to attain the blessings of the holy water of Zamzam, they are to be reminded of that water which Imam Hussein was denied until he died in the state of thirst, when even animals are given a last sip before being slaughtered!
The pilgrims in Hajj wear their clothes of Ehraam for the sake of Allah, and Imam Hussein also wore his clothes of Ehraam for His sake while abandoning the pleasures of this life – only for these “Ehraam” clothes to be drenched in his own pure blood to irrigate the tree of Islam!
The pilgrims stone the symbols of Shaytan numerous times to expel the whisperings of the devil which we are all prone to every second of every day. Hurr ibn Yazid al-Riyahi and Umar ibn Sa’d also experienced whisperings from Shaytan to attain the glory of power. However, Hurr stoned the whisperings of Shaytan and made the right decision to join Imam Hussein, while Umar followed the whisperings and became a Shaytan himself!
When the pilgrims go to Mina where the final sacrifice is given, this stage of Hajj symbolizes our intention to sacrifice everything beloved to us for Allah just like the Imam did, and the tents are a reminder of his family’s tents which were burned down and destroyed in Karbala after the Great Slaughter!
When the pilgrims visit the Holy Kaba and circumambulate it, they are reminded of the honor Allah gave Prophet Ibrahim in rebuilding this sacred House of God. They are also to be reminded of the rebuilding of the pure Mohammadan Islam by Imam Hussein when he offered his pure blood to give a jump-start to this Deen, which was on its way to corruption and deviation.
Ashura literature deals with oral and/or written discourses on, or related to, the Battle of Ashura of 10 Muharram 61 AH/ 10 October 680 AD. Ashura literature encompasses a wide array of materials, ranging from (chiefly Muharram and Safar) preachings, dirges (nawhas), and elegies (marthiyas) to ziarat-texts, salawats, books, treatises monographs, theses, dissertations, martyrdom accounts (maqtals), and biographies.
Ashura literature is both obtainable and produceable in virtually any language. As such, Ashura literature is obtainable in many languages and dialects. It is not a type of literature special to a certain language, e.g., Arabic, Persian, or Urdu. The minute an Ashura work is produced in any language (even for the first time in that given language), it can be referred to as a instance or piece of Ashura literature in that language.
Ashura literature is an era-free type of literature. Some literatures (together with their genres) are typical of, or special to, a certain period or era in the literary (including the social or political) history of a nation or language. Examples of these types of literature are French Renaissance literature and Jacobean literature in English literature. In contrast, Ashura literature can virtually be produced at any time. In this way, it cannot be limited to any specific age or era.
Ashura literature is not restricted to any specific language Granted that the earliest forms of Ashura literature were produced in Arabic; it has transgressed the boundaries of the Arabic language. Moreover, it has long been available in other Islamic languages, e.g Persian, Urdu, and Turkish. Specimens of Ashura literature are also available in English, whether in original or in translation.
Ashura literature is a regional or local literature. Although the Battle of Ashura took place in the sweltering desert of Karbala, Iraq its lessons and effects have made it a never-ending literature, with its universal overtones steadily escalating. Contrary to such literatures as those of Bengali, Latin America, or West-Africa, Ashura literature has a universal scope: it can be produced everywhere and at every time.
Ashura literature is, first and foremost, a mark of the sense of the devotion and veneration expressed by its makers, translators, or contributors toward all the Ashura martyrs, particularly Imam Hussein (A.S), the “Prince of Martyrs". Emerging out of veneration and devotion, it differs greatly in influence from all panegyrizes and eulogies produced out of an expectation for a reward or special attention from the fellow adored. Contributors to Ashura literature take delight in having had the opportunity to discharge their religious service and veneration.